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Domestic Violence Charges

A domestic violence case in Kansas means any crime committed by one member of a family or household against another member of a family or household.

Offenses which may be prosecuted as domestic violence cases in Kansas include:

  • domestic battery
  • assault
  • criminal damage to property
  • stalking
  • violation of a restraining order
  • disorderly conduct
  • or intimidation of a witness and others

Domestic violence cases in Johnson County District Court are generally prosecuted in one of two courts designated as domestic violence courts and they are treated differently than other criminal prosecutions. Domestic violence cases became a subject of intense focus during the mid-1990’s and courts began to take the cases seriously and do more to attempt to address the unique issues that present themselves when intimate relationships turn violent.

Domestic violence cases may involve long-standing and deeply dysfunctional relationships with a host of complicating issues and they are often fraught with emotion. Domestic violence cases often involve married couples or couples in a romantic relationship, but they can involve other kinds of relationships, as well.

Kansas Domestic Battery Law: Defining a Family or Household Member

“Family or household member” in the domestic battery statute, has a broad definition that includes people over the age of 18 who are:

  • Spouses
  • former spouses
  • parents or stepparents
  • children or stepchildren
  • persons who are presently residing together or who have resided together in the past
  • persons who have a child in common regardless of whether they have been married or who have lived together at any time.

‘Family or household member’ also includes a man and woman if the woman is pregnant and the man is alleged to be the father, regardless of whether they have been married or have lived together at any time.

Anyone who has been in a family or romantic relationship with the alleged victim of an offense may find themselves in the domestic violence court in Johnson County, whether the offense that they are charged with is specifically a domestic violence charge or not.

If the accused person or alleged victim is under the age of 18 (i.e., a parent charged with battery against a minor child), the case will usually be prosecuted as a regular criminal case. Domestic violence cases in Johnson County are designated with a “DV” in the case number. If a case is charged in 2019 as a domestic violence case, the case number will be something like “19 DV 001”.

When Police Are Called To a Domestic Violence Situation

Usually, if the police are called to a domestic violence situation, someone is going to get arrested. Sometimes both of the people involved will be arrested for crimes against the other. If one person is arrested and the other is deemed the victim by the police, the alleged victim may be asked to fill out a statement about not only the incident at hand but the relationship in general and other episodes of violence with the accused.

The alleged victim will be provided information about community resources like safehomes and shelters, counseling and the ability to obtain a civil restraining order to further protect them from the other person. They will be told to be in court the next day so that they can have input with the court as to whether they want to have any contact with the accused person during the pendency of the case.

Prior to the first court appearance, court services officers will prepare a “Threat Assessment” where they attempt to assess for the court what level of threat the accused person represents to the alleged victim, others or themselves.

The person arrested will generally be held without bail until a judge can review the case, often at a first appearance in court the next day. That means spending at least one night in jail. When the judge sets a bond amount, the bond will often come with certain conditions that the accused must follow if they want to remain free on bond during the pendency of the case.

Usually, if the alleged victim says that she wants to have contact with the alleged offender, the court will order that there be no contact between the two of them for 72 hours, as a “cooling off” period as emotions are likely running pretty high. The court may then order that the can have contact going forward, if the victim consents to it, but “no violent contact”. That means there is to be no fighting, yelling, etc.

No Contact Order

Whether the alleged victim wants the person to come home or to have contact or not, the court may order that there is a “no contact” order. That means that the offender is to have no contact with the other person whether it be in person, by phone, in writing, by text or email or through a third person. They are not to go to the other person’s home or work or otherwise be where the other is located for any reason.

This can often become a complicated situation when the accused person is not allowed to go back to his or her home, or when the parties have children between them that they have to exchange and parent, or when they work together or otherwise would normally be in the same place at the same time.

The court will likely allow a neutral third party to go and get the accused person’s clothing and personal items for the house and may have the third party coordinate parenting time with the parties’ children.

Conditions of Bond

Other conditions of bond may include house arrest, drug or alcohol monitoring and counseling, mental health or anger control counseling. Not surprisingly, many domestic violence cases also occur during divorce proceedings and the court may defer to the divorce court’s orders about child custody, parenting time or contact between the parties.

Diversion

Diversion may be an option if the person has no prior domestic violence offenses on his or her criminal record. Diversion is a program whereby you enter into an agreement with the prosecutor to follow the terms and condition of a diversion agreement for a period of time, usually 12 months. If you successfully comply with the requirements of the diversion agreement the charge is dismissed and there is no conviction.

Domestic Violence Conviction Consequences

If a person ends up being convicted of a domestic violence charge, the sentence may involve jail or a period of probation or other court supervision.

Orders regarding contact between the parties may be conditions of probation, and the court may order anger control classes or “Batterer’s Intervention” treatment.

The court will likely order a domestic violence evaluation to be performed and what level of education or treatment a person receives will be recommended in that evaluation. An anger control class only takes a day or two to complete.

Johnson County Batterer’s Intervention Treatment

Batterer’s Intervention treatment is common in Johnson County Domestic Violence court and it consists of a minimum of 24 weekly group sessions. Intake and orientation are in addition to these sessions. Each session is a minimum of 90 minutes. So, it takes about 6 months to complete the program.

From the Attorney General’s guidelines for Batterer’s Intervention Programs:

“The mission of batterer intervention in Kansas is to hold batterers accountable, create nonviolent behavior, and promote safety for victims. On a wider scale, batterer intervention seeks to create social norms that reject rather than affirm or ignore battering within intimate family and household relationships. Batterer intervention participants may also need additional services for mental health/psychiatric assistance, drug and alcohol treatment, parenting education, or other issues. Batterers should be screened for these issues and referred to appropriate resources but these treatments should be in addition to, not in lieu of, a batterer intervention program.”

You Need an Experienced Criminal Defense Attorney

A domestic violence charge can have very serious consequences for the person accused. Not only is there the possibility of having a criminal conviction on your record, but a domestic violence conviction can affect gun rights, military careers, and immigration status. A domestic violence conviction is a deportable offense and will often result in non-citizens being deported.

A DV charge can also affect whether you see your children, or in what capacity, and can have other impacts on your family life, professional life and your freedom.

Domestic violence is a very common and very real problem. It occurs within the most intimate of relationships and can lead to terrible long-term consequences for victims and for the children of these relationships.

Unfortunately, the domestic violence laws can also be used by one partner to a relationship against another to try to gain some control in the relationship or the upper hand in a divorce or custody battle. Again, they are often complicated and fraught with emotion. An experienced attorney is required to navigate a charge of domestic violence.

Common Domestic Violence Charges in Kansas Include:

21-5414. Domestic battery; aggravated domestic battery

(a) Domestic battery is:

(1) Knowingly or recklessly causing bodily harm to a person with whom the offender is involved or has been involved in a dating relationship or a family or household member; or

(2) knowingly causing physical contact with a person with whom the offender is involved or has been involved in a dating relationship or a family or household member, when done in a rude, insulting or angry manner.

(b) Aggravated domestic battery is:

(1) Knowingly impeding the normal breathing or circulation of the blood by applying pressure on the throat, neck or chest of a person with whom the offender is involved or has been involved in a dating relationship or a family or household member, when done in a rude, insulting or angry manner; or

(2) knowingly impeding the normal breathing or circulation of the blood by blocking the nose or mouth of a person with whom the offender is involved or has been involved in a dating relationship or a family or household member, when done in a rude, insulting or angry manner.

(c)(1) Domestic battery is:

(A) Except as provided in subsection (c)(1)(B) or (c)(1)(C), a class B person misdemeanor and the offender shall be sentenced to not less than 48 consecutive hours nor more than six months’ imprisonment and fined not less than $200, nor more than $500 or in the court’s discretion the court may enter an order which requires the offender to undergo a domestic violence offender assessment conducted by a certified batterer intervention program and follow all recommendations made by such program;

(B) except as provided in subsection (c)(1)(C), a class A person misdemeanor, if, within five years immediately preceding commission of the crime, an offender is convicted of domestic battery a second time and the offender shall be sentenced to not less than 90 days nor more than one year’s imprisonment and fined not less than $500 nor more than $1,000. The five days imprisonment mandated by this paragraph may be served in a work release program only after such offender has served 48 consecutive hours imprisonment, provided such work release program requires such offender to return to confinement at the end of each day in the work release program. The offender shall serve at least five consecutive days imprisonment before the offender is granted probation, suspension or reduction of sentence or parole or is otherwise released. As a condition of any grant of probation, suspension of sentence or parole or of any other release, the offender shall be required to undergo a domestic violence offender assessment conducted by a certified batterer intervention program and follow all recommendations made by such program, unless otherwise ordered by the court; and

(C) a person felony, if, within five years immediately preceding commission of the crime, an offender is convicted of domestic battery a third or subsequent time, and the offender shall be sentenced to not less than 90 days nor more than one year’s imprisonment and fined not less than $1,000 nor more than $7,500. The offender convicted shall not be eligible for release on probation, suspension or reduction of sentence or parole until the offender has served at least 90 days imprisonment. As a condition of any grant of probation, suspension of sentence or parole or of any other release, the offender shall be required to undergo a domestic violence offender assessment conducted by a certified batterer intervention program and follow all recommendations made by such program, unless otherwise ordered by the court. If the offender does not undergo a domestic violence offender assessment conducted by a certified batterer intervention program and follow all recommendations made by such program, the offender shall serve not less than 180 days nor more than one year’s imprisonment. The 90 days imprisonment mandated by this paragraph may be served in a work release program only after such offender has served 48 consecutive hours imprisonment, provided such work release program requires such offender to return to confinement at the end of each day in the work release program.

(2) Aggravated domestic battery is a severity level 7, person felony.

(d) In determining the sentence to be imposed within the limits provided for a first, second, third or subsequent offense under this section, a court shall consider information presented to the court relating to any current or prior protective order issued against such person.

(e) As used in this section:

(1) “Dating relationship” means a social relationship of a romantic nature. In addition to any other factors the court deems relevant, the trier of fact may consider the following when making a determination of whether a relationship exists or existed: Nature of the relationship, length of time the relationship existed, frequency of interaction between the parties and time since the termination of the relationship, if applicable;

(2) “family or household member” means persons 18 years of age or older who are spouses, former spouses, parents or stepparents and children or stepchildren, and persons who are presently residing together or who have resided together in the past, and persons who have a child in common regardless of whether they have been married or who have lived together at any time. “Family or household member” also includes a man and woman if the woman is pregnant and the man is alleged to be the father, regardless of whether they have been married or have lived together at any time; and

(3) “protective order” means:

(A) A protection from abuse order issued pursuant to K.S.A. 60-3105, 60-3106 or 60-3107, and amendments thereto;

(B) a protective order issued by a court or tribunal of any state or Indian tribe that is consistent with the provisions of 18 U.S.C. § 2265;

(C) a restraining order issued pursuant to K.S.A. 23-2707, 38-2243, 38-2244 or 38-2255, and amendments thereto, or K.S.A. 60-1607, prior to its transfer;

(D) an order issued in this or any other state as a condition of pretrial release, diversion, probation, suspended sentence, postrelease supervision or at any other time during the criminal case or upon appeal that orders the person to refrain from having any direct or indirect contact with a family or household member;

(E) an order issued in this or any other state as a condition of release after conviction or as a condition of a supersedeas bond pending disposition of an appeal, that orders the person to refrain from having any direct or indirect contact with another person; or

(F) a protection from stalking order issued pursuant to K.S.A. 60-31a05 or 60-31a06, and amendments thereto.

(f) For the purpose of determining whether a conviction is a first, second, third or subsequent conviction in sentencing under subsection (c)(1):

(1) “Conviction” includes being convicted of a violation of K.S.A. 21-3412a, prior to its repeal, this section or entering into a diversion or deferred judgment agreement in lieu of further criminal proceedings on a complaint alleging a violation of this section;

(2) “conviction” includes being convicted of a violation of a law of another state, or an ordinance of any city, or resolution of any county, which prohibits the acts that this section prohibits or entering into a diversion or deferred judgment agreement in lieu of further criminal proceedings in a case alleging a violation of such law, ordinance or resolution;

(3) only convictions occurring in the immediately preceding five years including prior to July 1, 2001, shall be taken into account, but the court may consider other prior convictions in determining the sentence to be imposed within the limits provided for a first, second, third or subsequent offender, whichever is applicable; and

(4) it is irrelevant whether an offense occurred before or after conviction for a previous offense.

(g) A person may enter into a diversion agreement in lieu of further criminal proceedings for a violation of subsection (a) or (b) or an ordinance of any city or resolution of any county which prohibits the acts that subsection (a) or (b) prohibits only twice during any five-year period.

21-5412. Assault; aggravated assault; assault of a law enforcement officer; aggravated assault of a law enforcement officer

(a) Assault is knowingly placing another person in reasonable apprehension of immediate bodily harm;

(b) Aggravated assault is assault, as defined in subsection (a), committed:

(1) With a deadly weapon;

(2) while disguised in any manner designed to conceal identity; or

(3) with intent to commit any felony.

(e)(1) Assault is a class C person misdemeanor.

(2) Aggravated assault is a severity level 7, person felony.

21-5415. Criminal threat; aggravated criminal threat

(a) A criminal threat is any threat to:

(1) Commit violence communicated with intent to place another in fear, or to cause the evacuation, lock down or disruption in regular, ongoing activities of any building, place of assembly or facility of transportation, or in reckless disregard of the risk of causing such fear or evacuation, lock down or disruption in regular, ongoing activities;

(2) adulterate or contaminate any food, raw agricultural commodity, beverage, drug, animal feed, plant or public water supply; or

(3) expose any animal in this state to any contagious or infectious disease.

(b) Aggravated criminal threat is the commission of a criminal threat, as defined in subsection (a), when a public, commercial or industrial building, place of assembly or facility of transportation is evacuated, locked down or disrupted as to regular, ongoing activities as a result of the threat.

(c)(1) A criminal threat is a severity level 9, person felony.

(2) Aggravated criminal threat is a severity level 5, person felony.

(d) As used in this section, “threat” includes any statement that one has committed any action described by subsection (a).

21-5427. Stalking

(a) Stalking is:

(1) Recklessly engaging in a course of conduct targeted at a specific person which would cause a reasonable person in the circumstances of the targeted person to fear for such person’s safety, or the safety of a member of such person’s immediate family and the targeted person is actually placed in such fear;

(2) engaging in a course of conduct targeted at a specific person with knowledge that the course of conduct will place the targeted person in fear for such person’s safety or the safety of a member of such person’s immediate family; or

(3) after being served with, or otherwise provided notice of, any protective order included in K.S.A. 21-3843, prior to its repeal or K.S.A. 21-5924, and amendments thereto, that prohibits contact with a targeted person, recklessly engaging in at least one act listed in subsection (f)(1) that violates the provisions of the order and would cause a reasonable person to fear for such person’s safety, or the safety of a member of such person’s immediate family and the targeted person is actually placed in such fear.

(b) Stalking as defined in:

(1) Subsection (a)(1) is a:

(A) Class A person misdemeanor, except as provided in subsection (b)(1)(B); and

(B) severity level 7, person felony upon a second or subsequent conviction;

(2) subsection (a)(2) is a:

(A) Class A person misdemeanor, except as provided in subsection (b)(2)(B); and

(B) severity level 5, person felony upon a second or subsequent conviction; and

(3) subsection (a)(3) is a:

(A) Severity level 9, person felony, except as provided in subsection (b)(3)(B); and

(B) severity level 5, person felony, upon a second or subsequent conviction.

(c) For the purposes of this section, a person served with a protective order as defined by K.S.A. 21-3843, prior to its repeal or K.S.A. 21-5924, and amendments thereto, or a person who engaged in acts which would constitute stalking, after having been advised by a law enforcement officer, that such person’s actions were in violation of this section, shall be presumed to have acted knowingly as to any like future act targeted at the specific person or persons named in the order or as advised by the officer.

(d) In a criminal proceeding under this section, a person claiming an exemption, exception or exclusion has the burden of going forward with evidence of the claim.

(e) The present incarceration of a person alleged to be violating this section shall not be a bar to prosecution under this section.

(f) As used in this section:

(1) “Course of conduct” means two or more acts over a period of time, however short, which evidence a continuity of purpose. A course of conduct shall not include constitutionally protected activity nor conduct that was necessary to accomplish a legitimate purpose independent of making contact with the targeted person. A course of conduct shall include, but not be limited to, any of the following acts or a combination thereof:

(A) Threatening the safety of the targeted person or a member of such person’s immediate family;

(B) following, approaching or confronting the targeted person or a member of such person’s immediate family;

(C) appearing in close proximity to, or entering the targeted person’s residence, place of employment, school or other place where such person can be found, or the residence, place of employment or school of a member of such person’s immediate family;

(D) causing damage to the targeted person’s residence or property or that of a member of such person’s immediate family;

(E) placing an object on the targeted person’s property or the property of a member of such person’s immediate family, either directly or through a third person;

(F) causing injury to the targeted person’s pet or a pet belonging to a member of such person’s immediate family;

(G) any act of communication;

(2) “communication” means to impart a message by any method of transmission, including, but not limited to: Telephoning, personally delivering, sending or having delivered, any information or material by written or printed note or letter, package, mail, courier service or electronic transmission, including electronic transmissions generated or communicated via a computer;

(3) “computer” means a programmable, electronic device capable of accepting and processing data;

(4) “conviction” includes being convicted of a violation of K.S.A. 21-3438, prior to its repeal, this section or a law of another state which prohibits the acts that this section prohibits; and

(5) “immediate family” means father, mother, stepparent, child, stepchild, sibling, spouse or grandparent of the targeted person; any person residing in the household of the targeted person; or any person involved in an intimate relationship with the targeted person.

21-5813. Criminal damage to property; aggravated criminal damage to property

(a) Criminal damage to property is by means other than by fire or explosive:

(1) Knowingly damaging, destroying, defacing or substantially impairing the use of any property in which another has an interest without the consent of such other person; or

(2) damaging, destroying, defacing or substantially impairing the use of any property with intent to injure or defraud an insurer or lienholder.

(b) Aggravated criminal damage to property is criminal damage to property, as defined in subsection (a)(1), if the value or amount of damage exceeds $5,000, committed with the intent to obtain any regulated scrap metal as defined in K.S.A. 50-6,109, and amendments thereto, or any items listed in K.S.A. 50-6,111(d), and amendments thereto, upon:

(1) Any building, structure, personal property or place used primarily for worship or any religious purpose;

(2) any building, structure or place used as a school or as an educational facility;

(3) any building, structure or place used by a non-profit or charitable business, corporation, firm, service or association;

(4) any grave, cemetery, mortuary or personal property of the cemetery or mortuary or other facility used for the purpose of burial or memorializing the dead;

(5) any agricultural property or agricultural infrastructure;

(6) any construction, mining or recycling facility, structure or site;

(7) any utility, utility service, telecommunication, telecommunication service, cable or video service facility, property, building, structure, site or component thereof;

(8) any municipal, county or state building, structure, site or property;

(9) any residential, commercial, industrial or agricultural irrigation, sprinkler or watering system or component thereof;

(10) the infrastructure of any residence, building or structure;

(11) any historical marker, plaque or work of art;

(12) any vehicle or transportation building, facility, structure, site or property; or

(13) any other building, structure, residence, facility, site, place, property, vehicle or any infrastructure thereof.

(c) Criminal damage to property if the property:

(1) Is damaged to the extent of $25,000 or more is a severity level 7, nonperson felony;

(2) is damaged to the extent of at least $1,000 but less than $25,000 is a severity level 9, nonperson felony; and

(3) damaged is of the value of less than $1,000 or is of the value of $1,000 or more and is damaged to the extent of less than $1,000 is a class B nonperson misdemeanor.

(d) Aggravated criminal damage to property is a severity level 6, nonperson felony.

(e)(1) As used in subsection (b):

(A) “Infrastructure” includes any fixture to, attachment upon or part of a residence, building or structure’s framework, electrical wiring and appurtenances, plumbing or heating and air systems; and

(B) “site” includes any area, place or location set aside for specific use or uses, including, but not limited to, storage, staging, repair, sorting, transportation, planning or organization.

(2) Any of the items or locations listed in subsection (b) shall include the curtilage, adjoining land and any improvements thereupon.

(3) Nothing in subsection (b) shall be construed to require the:

(A) Construction or existence of any door, gate, fence, barrier or wall; or

(B) existence of notice, postings or signs to potential trespassers.

(f) In determining the amount of damage to property, damages may include the cost of repair or replacement of the property that was damaged, the reasonable cost of the loss of production, crops and livestock, reasonable labor costs of any kind, reasonable material costs of any kind and any reasonable costs that are attributed to equipment that is used to abate or repair the damage to the property.

21-5808. Criminal trespass

(a) Criminal trespass is entering or remaining upon or in any:

(1) Land, nonnavigable body of water, structure, vehicle, aircraft or watercraft by a person who knows such person is not authorized or privileged to do so, and:

(A) Such person enters or remains therein in defiance of an order not to enter or to leave such premises or property personally communicated to such person by the owner thereof or other authorized person;

(B) such premises or property are posted as provided in K.S.A. 32-1013, and amendments thereto, or in any other manner reasonably likely to come to the attention of intruders, or are locked or fenced or otherwise enclosed, or shut or secured against passage or entry; or

(C) such person enters or remains therein in defiance of a restraining order issued pursuant to K.S.A. 60-3105, 60-3106, 60-3107, 60-31a05 or 60-31a06 or K.S.A. 23-2707, 38-2243, 38-2244 or 38-2255, and amendments thereto, and the restraining order has been personally served upon the person so restrained; or

(2) public or private land or structure in a manner that interferes with access to or from any health care facility by a person who knows such person is not authorized or privileged to do so and such person enters or remains thereon or therein in defiance of an order not to enter or to leave such land or structure personally communicated to such person by the owner of the health care facility or other authorized person.

(b) Criminal trespass is a class B nonperson misdemeanor. Upon a conviction of a violation of subsection (a)(1)(C), a person shall be sentenced to not less than 48 consecutive hours of imprisonment which shall be served either before or as a condition of any grant of probation or suspension, reduction of sentence or parole.

(c) As used in this section:

(1) “Health care facility” means any licensed medical care facility, certificated health maintenance organization, licensed mental health center or mental health clinic, licensed psychiatric hospital or other facility or office where services of a health care provider are provided directly to patients; and

(2) “health care provider” means any person:

(A) Licensed to practice a branch of the healing arts;

(B) licensed to practice psychology;

(C) licensed to practice professional or practical nursing;

(D) licensed to practice dentistry;

(E) licensed to practice optometry;

(F) licensed to practice pharmacy;

(G) registered to practice podiatry;

(H) licensed as a social worker; or

(I) registered to practice physical therapy.

(d) This section shall not apply to:

(1) A land surveyor, licensed pursuant to article 70 of chapter 74 of the Kansas Statutes Annotated, and amendments thereto, and such surveyor’s authorized agents and employees who enter upon lands, waters and other premises in the making of a survey; or

(2) railroad property as defined in K.S.A. 21-5809, and amendments thereto, or nuclear generating facility as defined in K.S.A. 66-2302, and amendments thereto.

21-5428. Blackmail

(a) Blackmail is intentionally gaining or attempting to gain anything of value or compelling or attempting to compel another to act against such person’s will, by threatening to:

(1) Communicate accusations or statements about any person that would subject such person or any other person to public ridicule, contempt or degradation; or

(2) disseminate any videotape, photograph, film or image obtained in violation of K.S.A. 21-6101(a)(6) or (a)(8), and amendments thereto.

(b) Blackmail as defined in:

(1) Subsection (a)(1) is a severity level 7, nonperson felony; and

(2) subsection (a)(2) is a severity level 4, person felony.

21-5908. Witness or victim intimidation; definitions

As used in K.S.A. 21-5909 and 21-5910, and amendments thereto:

(a) “Civil injury or loss” means any injury or loss for which a civil remedy is provided under the laws of this state, any other state or the United States;

(b) “victim” means any individual:

(1) Against whom any crime under the laws of this state, any other state or the United States is being, has been or is attempted to be committed; or

(2) who suffers a civil injury or loss; and

(c) “witness” means any individual:

(1) Who has knowledge of the existence or nonexistence of facts relating to any civil or criminal trial, proceeding or inquiry authorized by law;

(2) whose declaration under oath is received or has been received as evidence for any purpose;

(3) who has reported any crime or any civil injury or loss to any law enforcement officer, prosecutor, probation officer, parole officer, correctional officer, community correctional services officer or judicial officer;

(4) who has been served with a subpoena issued under the authority of a municipal court or any court or agency of this state, any other state or the United States; or

(5) who is believed by the offender to be an individual described in this subsection.

21-5909. Intimidation of a witness or victim; aggravated intimidation of a witness or victim

(a) Intimidation of a witness or victim is preventing or dissuading, or attempting to prevent or dissuade, with an intent to vex, annoy, harm or injure in any way another person or an intent to thwart or interfere in any manner with the orderly administration of justice:

(1) Any witness or victim from attending or giving testimony at any civil or criminal trial, proceeding or inquiry authorized by law; or

(2) any witness, victim or person acting on behalf of a victim from:

(A) Making any report of the victimization of a victim to any law enforcement officer, prosecutor, probation officer, parole officer, correctional officer, community correctional services officer, judicial officer, the secretary for children and families, the secretary for aging and disability services, or any agent or representative of either secretary, or any person required to make a report pursuant to K.S.A. 38-2223, and amendments thereto;

(B) causing a complaint, indictment or information to be sought and prosecuted or causing a violation of probation, parole or assignment to a community correctional services program to be reported and prosecuted, and assisting in its prosecution;

(C) causing a civil action to be filed and prosecuted and assisting in its prosecution; or

(D) arresting or causing or seeking the arrest of any person in connection with the victimization of a victim.

(b) Aggravated intimidation of a witness or victim is intimidation of a witness or victim, as defined in subsection (a), when the:

(1) Act is accompanied by an expressed or implied threat of force or violence against a witness, victim or other person or the property of any witness, victim or other person;

(2) act is in furtherance of a conspiracy;

(3) act is committed by a person who has been previously convicted of corruptly influencing a witness or has been convicted of a violation of this section or any federal or other state’s statute that, if the act prosecuted was committed in this state, would be a violation of this section;

(4) witness or victim is under 18 years of age; or

(5) act is committed for pecuniary gain or for any other consideration by a person acting upon the request of another person.

(c)(1) Intimidation of a witness or victim is a class B person misdemeanor.

(2) Aggravated intimidation of a witness or victim is a severity level 6, person felony.

21-5924. Violation of a protective order; extended protective orders; penalties

(a) Violation of a protective order is knowingly violating:

(1) A protection from abuse order issued pursuant to K.S.A. 60-3105, 60-3106 or 60-3107, and amendments thereto;

(2) a protective order issued by a court or tribunal of any state or Indian tribe that is consistent with the provisions of 18 U.S.C. § 2265, and amendments thereto;

(3) a restraining order issued pursuant to K.S.A. 23-2707, 38-2243, 38-2244 or 38-2255, and amendments thereto, or K.S.A. 60-1607, prior to its transfer;

(4) an order issued in this or any other state as a condition of pretrial release, diversion, probation, suspended sentence, postrelease supervision or at any other time during the criminal case that orders the person to refrain from having any direct or indirect contact with another person;

(5) an order issued in this or any other state as a condition of release after conviction or as a condition of a supersedeas bond pending disposition of an appeal, that orders the person to refrain from having any direct or indirect contact with another person; or

(6) a protection from stalking, sexual assault or human trafficking order issued pursuant to K.S.A. 60-31a05 or 60-31a06, and amendments thereto.

(b)(1) Violation of a protective order is a class A person misdemeanor, except as provided in subsection (b)(2).

(2) Violation of an extended protective order as described in K.S.A. 60-3107(e)(2), and amendments thereto, and K.S.A. 60-31a06(d), and amendments thereto, is a severity level 6, person felony.

(c) No protective order, as set forth in this section, shall be construed to prohibit an attorney, or any person acting on such attorney’s behalf, who is representing the defendant in any civil or criminal proceeding, from contacting the protected party for a legitimate purpose within the scope of the civil or criminal proceeding. The attorney, or person acting on such attorney’s behalf, shall be identified in any such contact.

(d) As used in this section, “order” includes any order issued by a municipal or district court.

21-6101. Breach of privacy

(a) Breach of privacy is knowingly and without lawful authority:

(1) Intercepting, without the consent of the sender or receiver, a message by telephone, telegraph, letter or other means of private communication;

(2) divulging, without the consent of the sender or receiver, the existence or contents of such message if such person knows that the message was illegally intercepted, or if such person illegally learned of the message in the course of employment with an agency in transmitting it;

(3) entering with intent to listen surreptitiously to private conversations in a private place or to observe the personal conduct of any other person or persons entitled to privacy therein;

(4) installing or using outside or inside a private place any device for hearing, recording, amplifying or broadcasting sounds originating in such place, which sounds would not ordinarily be audible or comprehensible without the use of such device, without the consent of the person or persons entitled to privacy therein;

(5) installing or using any device or equipment for the interception of any telephone, telegraph or other wire or wireless communication without the consent of the person in possession or control of the facilities for such communication;

(6) installing or using a concealed camcorder, motion picture camera or photographic camera of any type to secretly videotape, film, photograph or record, by electronic or other means, another identifiable person under or through the clothing being worn by that other person or another identifiable person who is nude or in a state of undress, for the purpose of viewing the body of, or the undergarments worn by, that other person, without the consent or knowledge of that other person, with the intent to invade the privacy of that other person, under circumstances in which that other person has a reasonable expectation of privacy;

(7) disseminating or permitting the dissemination of any videotape, photograph, film or image obtained in violation of subsection (a)(6); or

(8) disseminating any videotape, photograph, film or image of another identifiable person 18 years of age or older who is nude or engaged in sexual activity and under circumstances in which such identifiable person had a reasonable expectation of privacy, with the intent to harass, threaten or intimidate such identifiable person, and such identifiable person did not consent to such dissemination.

(b) Breach of privacy as defined in:

(1) Subsection (a)(1) through (a)(5) is a class A nonperson misdemeanor;

(2) subsection (a)(6) or (a)(8) is a:

(A) Severity level 8, person felony, except as provided in subsection (b)(2)(B); and

(B) severity level 5, person felony upon a second or subsequent conviction within the previous five years; and

(3) subsection (a)(7) is a severity level 5, person felony.

(c) Subsection (a)(1) shall not apply to messages overheard through a regularly installed instrument on a telephone party line or on an extension.

(d) The provisions of this section shall not apply to: (1) An operator of a switchboard, or any officer, employee or agent of any public utility providing telephone communications service, whose facilities are used in the transmission of a communication, to intercept, disclose or use that communication in the normal course of employment while engaged in any activity which is incident to the rendition of public utility service or to the protection of the rights of property of such public utility; (2) a provider of an interactive computer service, as defined in 47 U.S.C. § 230, for content provided by another person; (3) a radio common carrier, as defined in K.S.A. 66-1,143, and amendments thereto; and (4) a local exchange carrier or telecommunications carrier as defined in K.S.A. 66-1,187, and amendments thereto.

(e) The provisions of subsection (a)(8) shall not apply to a person acting with a bona fide and lawful scientific, educational, governmental, news or other similar public purpose.

(f) As used in this section, “private place” means a place where one may reasonably expect to be safe from uninvited intrusion or surveillance.

21-6203. Disorderly conduct

(a) Disorderly conduct is one or more of the following acts that the person knows or should know will alarm, anger or disturb others or provoke an assault or other breach of the peace:

(1) Brawling or fighting;

(2) disturbing an assembly, meeting or procession, not unlawful in its character; or

(3) using fighting words or engaging in noisy conduct tending reasonably to arouse alarm, anger or resentment in others.

(b) Disorderly conduct is a class C misdemeanor.

(c) As used in this section, “fighting words” means words that by their very utterance inflict injury or tend to incite the listener to an immediate breach of the peace.

21-6206. Harassment by telecommunication device

(a) Harassment by telecommunication device is the use of:

(1) A telecommunications device to:

(A) Knowingly make or transmit any comment, request, suggestion, proposal, image or text which is obscene, lewd, lascivious or indecent;

(B) make or transmit a call, whether or not conversation ensues, with intent to abuse, threaten or harass any person at the receiving end;

(C) make or transmit any comment, request, suggestion, proposal, image or text with intent to abuse, threaten or harass any person at the receiving end;

(D) make or cause a telecommunications device to repeatedly ring or activate with intent to harass any person at the receiving end;

(E) knowingly play any recording on a telephone, except recordings such as weather information or sports information when the number thereof is dialed, unless the person or group playing the recording shall be identified and state that it is a recording; or

(F) knowingly permit any telecommunications device under one’s control to be used in violation of this paragraph.

(2) Telefacsimile communication to send or transmit such communication to a court in the state of Kansas for a use other than court business, with no requirement of culpable mental state.

(b) Harassment by telecommunication device is a class A nonperson misdemeanor.

(c) Every telephone directory published for distribution to members of the general public shall contain a notice setting forth a summary of the provisions of this section. Such notice shall be printed in type which is no smaller than any other type on the same page and shall be preceded by the word “WARNING.”

(d) As used in this section, “telecommunications device” includes telephones, cellular telephones, telefacsimile machines and any other electronic device which makes use of an electronic communication service, as defined in K.S.A. 22-2514, and amendments thereto.

(e) An offender who violates the provisions of this section may also be prosecuted for, convicted of, and punished for any other offense in K.S.A. 21-5508, 21-5509, 21-5510 or 21-6401.

(913) 906-9633